GIT stash options – name, save, list, pop, show, clear, drop The stash command is to save all changes from a clean copy. In this tutorial, we will discuss all possible options with the git status. Each option provides functionality to manage changes. GIT stash name: While saving changes via git stash, we can use …
GIT stash command In this tutorial, we will describe the git stash command. Git stash command is very useful when you have changes that are not ready to commit. The situation may be that you have done some code changes and wan to switch from where you have started. You can do stash the changes …
What is GUTI in LTE? The GUTI full form is Globally Unique Temporary ID. In the first initial attach request, a UE sends the IMSI. After the attach request the MME does an Autejhjtication and location update with the US and HSS. If authentication and location update is successful. MME allocated the GUTI. The GUTI is stored …
What is SRVCC call flow?
In LTE network SRVCC is the feature by which a UE can roam from EUtran to Utran (vice versa) and other networks without breaking an ongoing call. The LTE (VoLTE) is a packet-based network while UTRAN or GERAN is a circuit-based network for voice calls.
In this tutorial, we will describe the SRVCC call flow from E-UTRAN to the UTRAN. All the details are as per 3GPP specification ETSI TS 123 21.
What is the SRVCC call flow trigger point?
The trigging point is, when the UE sends a measurement report to the eNodeB, that the cell in other RAT type is more suitable. After that eNodeB instruct the MME for handover required. After that MME instructs the other network components for SRVCC procedure.
Before an SRVCC call flow from EUtran to Utran, UE attaches to the HSS over Diameter protocol after the call flow the UE attaches to the HLR over the ss7 network. For the data, the UE moves from PGW to GGSN.
SRVCC call flow procedure:
This section details all steps in the SRVCC call procedure.
- UE sends a measurement report to the eNodeB.
- eNodeB sends a Handover required to the MME for the UE.
- MME sends PS to CS requests to the MSC server over the Sv interface.
- MSC server sends prepare handover to the target MSC.
- The target MSC sends relocation on handover requests to the target RNC in UTRAN (BSS for GERAN).
After the above handover sequence, there will be a circuit setup between the MSC server and MSC. Now the existing voice can use this path.
Sv Interface The SV interface is another network interface in the LTE network. Sv interface is between the MME and MSC or between SGSN and MSC. The specification is in the document. The network can support SRVCC, only if there is Sv interface. This is a new interface to support SRVCC. Protocol Specification for Sv …
What are the IP address classes? The IP address classes are the classification or grouping of IP addresses. Each IP address class has a network part and a host part. The network part decides how much network possible with a type of IP address class and the host part decides how many hosts each network can …