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subnetting explained

Subnetting Explained  with an Example Subnetting is the concept of dividing bigger network IP address space into smaller independent address groups.  Each group has a separate network id. Subnetting creates two or more separate broadcast network. Which reduces network load and provides more security to the network users. Subnetting example: For example, if a LAN …

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SCEF in IoT

SCEF in NB-IoT  – S6t-S6a-S6b For NonIP data delivery in Iot or Internet of Things, there is a SCEF network node. SCEF full form is the Service Capability Exposure Function. Iot is the network of connected devices over the Internet.  SCEF exposes API to the IoT device to access.  Accessing a device may be getting …

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slg and slh interface

SLG Interface and SLh Interface – Diameter Protocol- LTE Both are 3GPP interfaces in the LTE network. SLG interface is between GMLC and MME, and the SLh interface is between HSS and GMLC for providing location-based services in LTE(4G). Similar to other LTE interfaces, the Diameter protocol provides transport for SLg and SLh interface messages. …

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tcp keep alive

What is TCP Keepalive Before going into details of TCP keep alive.  We will have an overview of what is keepalive in general? Connection-oriented network protocols use keepalive technique, to check the health of a connection. Keepalive requires a periodic check over a connection when there is no data in either direction for a long …

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gmlc and smlc

What is GMLC and SMLC in telecom Gateway Mobile Location Center(GMLC) and Serving Mobile Location Center(SMLC) are two GSM nodes for location-based services (LBS).  LBS opens new revenue streams for mobile operators and service providers. Basic GSM network for voice and data can deliver, location information, but that lacks accuracy. Accuracy means, the network operator …

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