What are the git areas?

Git is a well-known and widely-used distributed version control system. It keeps track of changes and performs numerous other functions. Adding, deleting, or modifying files in a repository are the procedures that must be performed step by step using git commands.

Each step is defined in Git as an area. This tutorial will discuss the various git areas and their associated meanings.

What are the working areas in Git?

Using git commands, changes move from one area to another. The ultimate goal is to have all of them in the remote repository. We will describe all areas and the commands propagating changes between them. There are the following three areas Git has for workflow.

  • Working Tree
  • Stagging
  • Repository
git areas, working, stagging and repository
git areas, working, stagging, and repository

Git area Working Tree:

This is the location where files are modified, added, or deleted. The working area is the computer’s directory where you have cloned the repository. Git does not maintain a history of all code changes in the working area. If you delete files by mistake, the changes are irreversible.

How can you determine what is in the working area? There is a git status command that indicates what has been modified or added since you cloned it.

Git area Stagging:

This is the location of the next commit’s changes. The command to add a file to the staging area is git add. You can either stage all modified files or just specific ones. Because the staging area is cleared following a commit, it is a temporary stage.

Git area Repository:

This is the primary code line, which contains all permanent modifications. Changes made after a commit are visible in the local repository. It maintains a complete history of commits and other actions. To commit all changes to the remote repository, use the git push command.